DOM Overview in VB.NET

In this article I will explain you about DOM.
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Document Object Model 

Document object model (DOM) is a platform and language neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update XML and HTML documents. The DOM API is a set of language independent, implementation neutral interfaces and objects based on the Object Management Group (OMG) Interface Definition Language (IDL) specification (not the COM) version of IDL). Set http://www.w3.org/TR/DOM-Level-2/ for more detail. 

DOM defines the logical structure of a document's data. You can access the document in a structured format (generally through a tree format). Tree nodes and entities represent the document's data. DOM also helps developers build XML and HTML documents, as well as to add, modify, delete, and navigate the document's data. Figure 6.2 shows you various contents of DOM in a tree structure.

figure-6-2.jpg

Figure 6.2: DOM tree structure

This is the tree structure implementation of an XML file.


<
table>
  <
tr>
    <
td>Mahesh </td>
    <
td>Testing</td>
  </
tr>
  <
tr>
    <
td> Second Line</td>
    <
td> Tested</td>
  </
tr>
</
table
>

Figure 6.3 shows the DOM tree representation of this XML.

figure-6-3.jpg

Figure 6.3. XML DOM tree representation

In DOM, a document takes a hierarchical structure, which is similar to a tree structure. The document has a root node, and the rest of the document has branches and leaves. 

These nodes are defines as interfaces object. You use the interfaces to access and manipulate document objects. The DOM core API also allows you to create and populate documents load documents and save them.

Table 6.3 defines some XML document nodes and node contents.

Table 6.3: XML Nodes

NODE

DESCRIPTION

CHILDREN

Document

Represent an HTML or XML document and root of the document tree

Element, ProcessingInstruction, DocumentType, Comment

DocumentType

Represent the document type attribute of a document

No children

Element

An element of the document

Element, Text, Comment, ProcessingInstruction, CDATASection, EntityReference

Attr

An attribute

Text, EntityReference

ProcessingInstruction

Represent a processing instruction; used in XML

No children

Comment

Represent comments in an XML or HTML document; characters between the starting <! - - and ending - - >

No children

Text

Text of a node

No children

Entity

An entity type item

Element, Text, Comment, ProcessingInstruction, CDATASection, EntityReference


Conclusion

Hope this article would have helped you in understanding DOM. See other articles on the website also for further reference.

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