Abstract Class in PHP
In this article I explain how to create an abstract class and methods in PHP
PHP 5 introduces "abstract" classes and methods. To declare a class as an abstract class, use the "abstract" keyword before the class name. When inheriting from an abstract class all methods marked abstract in the parent's class declaration must be defined by the sub class and in it any abstract methods defined as protected. The function implementation must be defined as either protected or public but not private, furthermore the signatures of the methods must match.
When you declare a class as an "abstract" class , then this class may not be instantiated because it contains methods that are not implemented. In other words, when a class contains one or more abstract methods the class must be declared as abstract and this class is extended by its derived classes to implement its abstract methods. So an abstract class is a class with or without data members that provide some functionality and leave some functionality, which is implemented by its sub class.
Example of an abstract class in PHP:
abstract class AbstractClass
abstract protected function getName($name) ; // declare a abstract method
public function setName($name) // define a simple method
// concreteClass, extend the AbstractClass for Implementation
class concreteClass extends AbstractClass
public function getName($start)
return $start .''. $this->name;
public function date() // define a simple method, it returns today date
return '<b>Today:</b> '. date('l, j-n-Y');
echo $obj->getName("Hi !")."</br>";