Implementing Polymorphism in VB.NET
In this article you will learn how to implement polymorphism in VB.NET.
In this article I will explain and extends the know-how of implementing polymorphism in VB.Net. Of course, polymorphism is a huge topic and I will only focus on the little known VB.Net keyword MyClass.
I will replicate the exact same code, as first published in the original tip, and I will place the keyword in the appropriate place.
Lets see some code below:
Public Overridable Sub p1()
Public Sub p2()
'Implementing keyword MyClass here tells all derived classes to refer to the base / abstract class wherein the keyword MyClass appears
Public Overrides Sub p1()
Dim p As Parent
Dim c As Child
p = New Parent()
p = New Child()
p.p1() 'stack overflow error is prevented
The pitfall comes when you have an instance of class Child and call procedures p1 and p2. Calling p1 produces the following execution flow:
Child.p1 -> Parent.p2 -> Child.p1 -> Parent.p2 -> Child.p1 -> etc.
And the cycle repeats until we have no stack space left. Calling p2 produces the following execution flow:
Child.p2 -> Child.p1 -> Parent.p2 -> Child.p1 -> Parent.p2 -> Child.p1 -> etc.
Implementing the keyword MyClass in the base class tells all derived classes to use the method in the base class itself and, therefore, a stack overflow error is prevented.
p.p2() 'stack overflow error is prevented
c = New Child()
c.p1() 'stack overflow error is prevented
c.p2() 'stack overflow error is prevented