RadioButton WPF in VB.NET

This tutorial shows you how to create and use a RadioButton control available in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) and XAML.
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Introduction

A RadioButton is usually used in a group with multiple options where one has to be selected.

The RadioButton tag represents a RadioButton control in XAML.

 

<RadioButton></RadioButton>

 

The Width and Height properties represent the width and the height of a RadioButton.  The Name property represents the name of the control, which is a unique identifier of a control. The Margin property tells the location of a RadioButton on the parent control. The HorizontalAlignment and VerticalAlignment properties are used to set horizontal and vertical alignments.

 

The Background and Foreground properties represent the background and foreground colors of  a RadioButton.

 

The following code snippet sets the name, height, and width of a RadioButton control.  The code also sets horizontal alignment to left and vertical alignment to top.

 

<RadioButton Margin="10,10,0,13" Name="RadioButton1" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Height="15" Background="Yellow " Foreground="Blue">

    C# Corner

</RadioButton>

The RadioButton looks like following:

RadioBtnImg1.jpg
Figure 1. RadioButton

RadioButton Grouping

The GroupName property of a RadioButton assigns a RadioButton to a group. Only one RadioButton can be in the selected states at once and by selecting a new RadioButton unselects the previous selected RadioButton.

The following code assigns four RadioButton controls to a group called MCSites.

<RadioButton Margin="10,5,0,0" GroupName="MCSites" Background="Yellow" Foreground="Blue" >

    C# Corner

</RadioButton>

<RadioButton Margin="10,5,0,0" GroupName="MCSites" Background="Yellow" Foreground="Orange" >

    VB.NET Heaven

</RadioButton>

<RadioButton Margin="10,5,0,0" GroupName="MCSites" Background="Yellow" Foreground="Green" >

    Longhorn Corner

</RadioButton>

<RadioButton Margin="10,5,0,0" GroupName="MCSites" Background="Yellow" Foreground="Purple" >

    Mindcracker

</RadioButton>

The output looks like Figure 2. If you select one RadioButton, the previous RadioButton will be unselected.

RadioBtnImg2.jpg
 

Figure 2

Adding a Checked Event Handler

RadioButton control has Checked event as default event and raised when you check a radio button. The following code snippet adds the event handler.  

<RadioButton Name="Btn1" Margin="10,5,0,0" GroupName="MCSites"

                     Background="Yellow" Foreground="Blue" Checked="Btn1_Checked">

The following checked event handler sets the foreground and background color of the checked RadioButton and sets black and white rest of them.

    Private Sub Btn1_Checked(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Btn1.Foreground = Brushes.Blue
        Btn1.Background = Brushes.Yellow
        Btn2.Foreground = Brushes.Black
        Btn2.Background = Brushes.White
        Btn3.Foreground = Brushes.Black
        Btn3.Background = Brushes.White
        Btn4.Foreground = Brushes.Black
        Btn4.Background = Brushes.White
    End Sub

 

New RadioButton group looks like Figure 3.

  RadioBtnImg3.jpg
 

Figure 3.

Finding a Selected Item in the Group

The IsChecked property of RadioButton represents of a RadioButton is checked or not. The following code snippet on a button click event handler finds the text of the selected RadioButton in a group.

    Private Sub button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        If Btn1.IsChecked = True Then
            MessageBox.Show(Btn1.Content.ToString())
        ElseIf Btn2.IsChecked = True Then
            MessageBox.Show(Btn2.Content.ToString())
        ElseIf Btn3.IsChecked = True Then
            MessageBox.Show(Btn3.Content.ToString())
        Else
            MessageBox.Show(Btn4.Content.ToString())
        End If
    End Sub
 

Summary

In this article, I discussed how to create and use a RadioButton control available in WPF and XAML.

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