Reading GDI+ Metadata of Images in VB.NET

In this article I will explain about reading Metadata of Images in GDI+.
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If you have ever worked with mechanical and engineering drawing or digital images, you are probably aware of metadata. Metadata is information about the image, that's not part of the image itself. When an engineer draws an image, metadata is often added, such as the following information: last updated, updated by, data, place, and names. A photograph might include metadata such as image title, manufacturer, and model.
 
In the .NET Framework library, the PropertyItem object is used as a placeholder for metadata. The PropertyItem class provides four properties: Id, Len, Type, and Value. All of these properties have both read and write access.
 
The Id property is a tag, which identifies the metadata item. Table 9.10 describes Id tag values.
 
The Value property is an array of values whose format is determined by the Type property. The Len property represents the length of the array of values in bytes. The Type property represents the data type of values stored in the array. Table 9.11 described the format of the Type property values.
 
TABLE 9.10: Id values
 

Hexadecimal Value

Description

0x0320

Image title

0x010F

Equipment manufacturer

0x0110

Equipment model

0x9003

ExifDTOriginal

0x829A

EXIF exposure time

0x5090

Luminance table

0x5091

Chrominance table

TABLE 9.11: Format of Type property values

Numeric Value

Description

1

A Byte object

2

An array of Byte object encoded as ASCII

3

A 16-bit integer

4

A 32-bit integer

5

An array of two Byte objects that represent a rational number

6

Not used

7

Undefined

8

Not used

9

Slong

10

Srational


An Image object may contain more than one PropertyItem object. The PropertyItems property of the Image class represents an array of PropertyItem objects corresponding to an image. The PropertyIdList property of the Image class returns an array of property IDs stored in an image object. Listing 9.17 uses the PropertyItems property of the Image class and reads all property items of an image.

 
LISTING 9.17: Reading the metadata of a bitmap

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object,ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
        ' Create an image from a file
        Dim gAs Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics()
        Dim curImageAs Image = Image.FromFile("C:/Documents and Settings/Manu/Desktop/16864z.Bmp")
        Dim rect As New Rectangle(20, 20, 100, 100)
        g.DrawImage(curImage, rect)
 
        ' Create an array of PropertyItem objects and read items using PropertyItems
       Dim propItemsAs PropertyItem() = curImage.PropertyItems

         ' Create values of PropertyItem members

        For Each propItem As PropertyItem In propItems
            Dim encoderAs New System.Text.ASCIIEncoding()
            Dim str As String ="ID =" + propItem.Id.ToString("x")
            str += ", Type =" + propItem.Type.ToString()
            str += ", Length =" + propItem.Len.ToString()
            str += ", Value =" + encoder.GetString(propItem.Value)
            MessageBox.Show(str)
        Next

        ' Dispose of object
        g.Dispose()
   End Sub
 

Figure 9.25 shows the output from Listing 9.17.
 
Figure209_25.jpg
 
FIGURE 9.25: Reading the metadata of a bitmap
 
Conclusion

Hope the article would have helped you in understanding reading Metadata of Images in GDI+. Read other articles on GDI+ on the website.

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